D4 Activities KS2 3 The live’s of disabled people in C16th Century

March 20, 2016 by richard

D4 Activities KS2 3 The live’s of disabled people in C16th Century
In the crowded and unhealthy cities of Elizabethan England, conditions that resulted in long term impairment were very common. The city of Norwich carried out a ‘census of the poor’ in 1570, gathering information about the lives of 1,400 of the poorest people in the city. Among them were 63 disabled men and women with ‘lameness’ or ‘crookedness’ of the arms or legs, missing limbs, blindness or deafness.

Crookedness was an early English term to describe people seen as misshapen in their bodily form. Lameness was a term meaning restricted use of one or more limbs applied to arms as well as legs.

Their lives were surprising. Although poor, many were in work; the women were spinners or knitters, while some of the ‘lame’ men were labourers. William Mordewe, a blind baker, was still working at the age of 70, aided by his young wife Helen. Almost all the disabled men and most of the disabled women were married to non-disabled people and many had children. Their marriages were stable and long-lasting (even though two disabled women were identified as ‘harlots’). Although they were often poor, disabled people were very much part of work and family life and they lived at the heart of their communities.
People we would recognise today as having learning disabilities also lived in their communities rather than in institutions. Known as ‘natural fools’, ‘innocents’ or ‘idiots’, they were expected to stay with their families and work if possible. If the families were struggling because of ill health or extreme poverty, they might receive assistance from the parish.
Activities KS2/3
1. What have you learnt about the lives of disabled people in C16th?
2. Identify five words used then to describe disabled people and use a dictionary to find the meanings.
3. Are any of these words used today? What do you think they mean?
4. Give one example of a disabled person living an ordinary life.
5. Do you think disabled people live ordinary lives today and when did they not ?
( from Simon Jarrett http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and-places/disability-history/1485-1660/daily-life-of-people-with-disabilities/)

D3 Activities KS3 & 4 History, Drama, PHSE

by richard

D3 Activities KS3 & 4 History Drama PHSE
Natural Fools in the court of Henry Eight at Hampton Court
The Wellcome Trust who funded All the King’s Fools has provided a website www.allthekingsfools.co.uk
This site contains longer videos of the Hampton Court performance, recreating how natural fools (people with learning difficulties), at the court of Henry VIII would have gained a special relationship jesting with the king and telling him things that no one else would. The re-creation is based on historic research. Mirth was considered good for health in Tudor times and fools were respected members of Henry’s court.
All the Kings Fools (16.05) shows the performances and gives the reasons for them. Behind the Scenes (18.55) tells the story of how the performances were created http://www.allthekingsfools.co.uk/site/videos/
The sense of play which the actors had and the professional approach they brought to the work were both incredible and the shows went down extremely well. All the feedback has been very positive.
1. What is the evidence that backs up the interpretation given by the Misfits in All the King’s Fools?
2. How do you think most people with learning difficulties and disability might have been treated in Tudor times? (Examine the English Heritage Disability in Time and Place website www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and…/disability-history/ ‎)
3. Watch the King’s Fools and then Behind the Scenes videos and then describe the processes the actors used to make the production.
4. What were the strengths of using a group of actors with learning difficulties?
5. Prejudice and bullying. Watch films 3,4 and 5
(http://www.hrp.org.uk/MediaPlayer/ViewPlaylist.aspx?PlaylistId=149SiteMapId=1776 ). Describe the nature and type of prejudice the actors have been subjected to in real life and what they think should be done about it.
6. What can you do to challenge such prejudice and bullying?

D2 Natural Fools in the court of Henry Eight at Hampton Court Activities PHSE KS2

by richard

D2 Natural Fools in the court of Henry Eight at Hampton Court Activities PHSE KS2
In 2011 Hampton Court Palace hosted a group of actors, called the Misfits, to investigate the role of the fool or jester at the Tudor court. All the performers playing the fools had learning difficulties. The education team at Hampton Court have put together a series of lessons based on this project to help you teach this little known aspect of Tudor times and to introduce a vehicle for discussion in class about learning difficulties, prejudice, discrimination and prejudice.
Lesson 1
Lesson plan and resources- Developing good relationship and respecting difference between people http://www.hrp.org.uk/Resources/fools1lessonplanandresources.pdf
The dynasty Portrait was Henry’s favourite made up picture including two fools
Powerpoint giving facts that have been established about fools at the Tudor Court
Lesson 2
Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people, deals with disability discrimination and stereotypes.
Powerpoint- What do we mean by disability?
Prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes
Lesson 3
Recognising and challenging stereotypes. http://www.hrp.org.uk/Resources/prejudice_discrimination_stereotype.zip
Lesson 4
Watch Videos http://www.hrp.org.uk/MediaPlayer/ViewPlaylist.aspx?PlaylistId=149&SiteMapId=1776
1.Introduction to All King’s Fools Project. 4.06 minutes.
2.All the King’s Fools About Us. 6.02 minutes.
Introduces actors in the Misfits who talk about their lives as people with learning difficulties
3. Stereotypes and bullying. 5.44 minutes.
Actors speaking about their lives and independence and other people’s attitudes.
4.’I’m forgotten’ a song by Marsail Edwards (one of the actors). 2.07minutes
Marsail sings a song she wrote and composed and explains the feelings that made her write it.
5. Poem ‘Treat me with Respect’ by Penny Lepiz (actor). 1.47 minutes
Treat me with Respect
When you have a leaning difficulty
you get called bad names
People just don’t see me
the way I really am
It makes me feel cut off
as if no one wants me around
But deep within me
I know that’s not true
I do have belief in myself
and my own self respect
If people could see who I really am
and treat me as an equal
then they would know the real me
I’m no different anyone else
I just need the respect I deserve
And the future will be OK
So think carefully before you scorn me
with your bigoted ignorant attitudes
I am a person in my own right
as others who have a learning difficulty
We should all be united as one equal
Out with prejudice
Out with ignorance
Respect and tolerance
is what we need
and this is what we are going to get
if we fight for what we want
Those who choose to remain against us
with their scorn and derision
are their own worst enemy.

D1 Teachers Notes Disabled People in the Period 1485 to 1660

by richard

D1 Teachers Notes Disabled People in the Period 1485 to 1660
When Henry VIII split from the Roman Church, he ordered the ‘Dissolution of the Monasteries’. Across the country, religious houses were demolished and monks and nuns driven out. The hospitals in these buildings were lost, along with the systems of care they had provided for sick and disabled people. For many, poverty and a life on the streets followed this destruction.

A petition to King Henry in 1538 called for the re-foundation of the hospitals that had been closed down. It complained of ‘the miserable people lyeing in the streete, offending every clene person passing by the way’. But very little new building took place over the next 30 years.

There was a steady growth in the number of people seeking alms. This was due to several factors, including a growth in the population after a period of stagnation and depletion due to plagues, the beginnings of the commercialisation of agriculture, successive poor harvests and an influx of immigrants from Ireland and Wales. Hence the fear of ‘bands of sturdy beggars’ preyed on the minds of local magistrates, who demanded a response from the central authority, namely the Crown. To secure their allegiance, the Tudor monarchs were forced to make economic provision for people dependent upon charity.
Gradually, caring for disabled people became a civic duty, not just a religious matter. Rich benefactors still funded buildings but it was to enhance their reputation, not to save their souls.
In London, new hospitals were built and some old ones were re-founded. These were increasingly public buildings, funded by parish collections, taxes and donations. By the end of the 16th century, new almshouses and hospitals were springing up.

A series of Poor Law Acts viciously punished ‘sturdy vagabonds’ who were seen as idle by choice. They could be whipped and branded. The ‘impotent poor’ were viewed differently. ‘The person naturally disabled, either in wit or member, as an idiot, lunatic, blind, lame etc., not being able to work…all these… are to be provided for by the overseers of necessary relief and are to have allowances … according to…their maladies and needs’.

Consequently, the Poor Law of 1601 marks the first official recognition of the need for state intervention in the lives of disabled people. Every parish was to appoint overseers of the poor, to find work for the unemployed and set up parish-houses for those who could not support themselves.
However, a general suspicion of those claiming alms had already been formally established with the statute of 1388 which mandated local officials to discriminate between the ‘deserving’ and ‘undeserving’ poor. Although people with impairments were among the ‘deserving poor’, there was little attempt to separate them from the rest of the community.
On the contrary, every effort was made to keep them within the local environment. Although there was some parochial variation in the actual level of benefit, there was a degree of uniformity in the way disabled people were treated. The lion’s share of resources was directed toward domestic or household relief for people who were regarded as unable to work and were confined to the home. Funds were frequently provided to individuals and families willing to accept responsibility for people considered to be incapable of looking after themselves. Major changes to this essentially non-segregationist policy did not begin to be discussed or implemented until the Nineteenth Century, though some early workhouses were set up.
Life was very different for some. A few people we would recognise today as having learning disabilities enjoyed a privileged life at court, with a ‘keeper’ who looked after them. These ‘natural fools’ were seen as an important source of wisdom and humour. They provided a welcome contrast to the plotting and treachery at court.

The ‘natural fool’ Will Somer and ‘Jane the Fool’ can be seen in paintings of the Royal Family from this period. See http://www.allthekingsfools.co.uk/site/
and http://www.allthekingsfools.co.uk/site/research/ for the historical research led by Suzanna Lipscombe. Hampton Court Royal Palaces have also developed resources for schools forKS2/3. The research showed that ‘natural fools’ (people with learning difficulties) were clothed, fed and looked after at Hampton Court, accorded access to the King to entertain and jest with him, their remarks were treated with reverence, as they were thought to be nearer to God and so their wisdom was not adulterated by the affairs of men. As the idealized family portrait shows, they were in the wings.

Medical Treatment for Mental Illness
The small Bethlem Hospital was the only institution for mentally ill people to survive. In 1547, its control passed to the Corporation of London and its first medically qualified superintendent was employed. The hospital suffered financial abuse and neglect for many years, but attitudes were changing and mental illness was increasingly seen as a matter for medical treatment. For more on mental illness in C16th and C17th go to http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and-places/disability-history/1485-1660/mental-illness-in-the-16th-and-17th-centuries/

Care in the Community
Life could be very hard for disabled people but they were not isolated. Most mentally ill people lived in their communities, treated with religious, psychological, astrological and traditional remedies. Other disabled people married, had families and worked, unless their impairments were too extensive. In 1570, a 70-year-old blind baker William Mordewe, was still hard at work in Norwich, helped by his wife Helen. In the same city, a survey of the poor in 1570, established that almost all the disabled men and most of the disabled women were married to non-disabled people and many had children. Their marriages were stable and long-lasting (even though two disabled women were identified as ‘harlots’). Although they were often poor, disabled people were very much part of work and family life and they lived at the heart of their communities.( More detail Simon Jarrett http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and-places/disability-history/1485-1660/daily-life-of-people-with-disabilities/)

People we would recognise today as having learning disabilities also lived in their communities rather than in institutions. Known as ‘natural fools’, ‘innocents’ or ‘idiots’, they were expected to stay with their families and work if possible.

If the families were struggling because of ill health or extreme poverty, they might receive assistance from the parish. When Alice Stock became old and lame in the parish of St.Botolph, Bishopsgate, London, she received sixpence a fortnight to care for her ‘foolish girle’ Martha. If family care broke down or parents died, ‘keepers’ or ‘nurses’ in the local community would be paid to care for people. John Shusock of Wapping, London was paid two shillings and sixpence a week from 1649 to 1653 to ‘keep’ the ‘innocent’ Thomas Walker, and given extra payments for his ‘clothing and other necessaries’.

Disabled Soldiers and Seamen
Attitudes to disabled soldiers changed over this period. Horrified at the sight of wounded men left to die on the streets, senior officers agitated for hospitals, sick pay and pensions for soldiers who became disabled were discharged from the army.
A small hospital for ‘maimed soldiers’ was founded in Berkshire in 1599, preceding many grander efforts in Chelsea, Greenwich and elsewhere in the later 17th century. In Elizabeth’s reign, laws were passed to provide pensions for soldiers and sailors who had ‘lost their limbs or disabled their bodies’.
In 1590, the ‘Chatham Chest’ was established to pay pensions to disabled seamen – it has been described as the world’s first occupational health scheme.
The Family of Henry VIII

(see Disability in Time and Place, Simon Jarrett for English Heritagehttp://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-andplaces/disability-history/1485-1660/

Chapter 2 A Brief History Of Discrimination And Disabled People (In ‘Disabled People in Britain and Discrimination : A case for anti-discrimination legislation’, Colin Barnes (1991): http://disabilitystudies.leeds.ac.uk/library/author/barnes.colin

C1 Teachers notes Disability in the Feudal and Medieval period

March 17, 2016 by richard

C1 Teachers notes Disability in the Feudal and Medieval period
Disability in the medieval period 1050-1485
This section describes the life of people with disabilities in the medieval period. It also explains how monasteries and convents cared for sick and disabled people and became the hospitals we use today.
In feudal and medieval period, most disabled people were accepted as part of the family or group, working on the land or in small workshops. But at times of social upheaval, plague or pestilence, disabled people were often made scapegoats as sinners or evil people who brought the disasters upon society.
In medieval Europe the church took control of discussions about illness and disability. The Church’s interest in people with impairments was based on Jesus’s role as a miraculous healer and spiritual ‘physician’ may be Jesus’s institutional representatives, the church, monasteries hoping optimistically for recovery.C1 Teachers notes Disability in the Feudal and Medieval period

This believe was regularised by the Fourth Lanteran Council in 1215;-
“ Since bodily infirmity is sometimes caused by sin, the Lord saying to the sick man who he had healed ‘Go and sin no more, lest some worse thing happen to thee’(John 5:14)we declare in the present decree and strictly command that when physicians of the body are called to the bedside of the sick, before all else they admonish them to call for the physician of the soul, so that spiritual health has been restored to them, the opportunities of bodily medicine may be of greater benefit, for the cause being removed, the effect will pass away.”
The caring for the sick and disabled in Monasteries and Abbeys by the clergy across Europe in the Medieval period and has its roots in such declarations and the concept of charity.
In medieval society there was a very fixed order with each person knowing their place and there was general hostility to those who did not have a place in that order, be they immigrants, beggars or disabled people. This horror of becoming disfigured or different was extremely powerful. If you were different you were somehow marked and this strong prejudice continues to the present day

‘William heals a blind woman’ York Minster© English Heritage http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/content/images/disability-history/william-heals-a-blind-woman.jpg
In medieval England, the ‘lepre'(leaper), the ‘blynde’ (blind), the ‘dumbe’ (dumb), the ‘deaff (deaf)’, the ‘natural fool'(people with learning difficult), the ‘creple'(cripple), the ‘lame’ and the ‘lunatick'(lunatic) were a highly visible presence in everyday life. People could be born with an impairment, or were disabled by diseases such as leprosy, or years of backbreaking work. Attitudes to disability were mixed. People thought it was a punishment for sin, or the result of being born under the hostile influence of the planet Saturn. Others believed that disabled people were closer to God – they were suffering purgatory on earth rather than after death and would get to heaven sooner.
Irene Metzler who has studied in detail this part of medieval history suggests a transition from cures by Saints around

1000 AD to with an increased emphasis on the power of priests leading to a decline in accounts of healing miracles and a growth in religious mysticism.
One reaction to this was that during times of plague, thousands of people, called flagellants, wandered around Europe beating themselves to try to make themselves more ‘holy’ so they didn’t get the plague. This self imposed injury also spiritually downgraded those born with impairment or those who acquired their impairment randomly through disease or accident. It was believed that if you were penitent you would not become ill or disabled.

Provision and care
There was no state provision for people with disabilities. Most lived and worked in their communities, supported by family and friends. If they couldn’t work, their town or village might support them, but sometimes people resorted to begging. They were mainly cared for by monks and nuns who sheltered pilgrims and strangers as their Christian duty.
Care for sick and disabled people was based on the Church’s teachings. The monks and nuns would follow the seven ‘comfortable works’ which involved feeding, clothing and housing the poor, visiting them when in prison or sick, offering drink to the thirsty, and burial. The seven ‘spiritual works’ included counsel and comfort for the sick http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and-places/disability-history/1050-1485/.
Acting for themselves
We know that disabled people made pilgrimages on foot to holy sites such as the shrine of Thomas Becket in Canterbury in search of a cure or relief. Sometimes disabled people had to battle injustice. In 1297 the residents of the leper house in the Norfolk village of West Somerton mutinied against the thieving abbot and his men, looting and demolishing the buildings and killing the guard dog.
First Hospitals
Over this period a nationwide network of hospitals based in (or near) religious establishments began to emerge. Specialised hospitals for leprosy, blindness and physical disability were created. England’s first mental institution, later known as ‘Bedlam’, was originally the Bethlehem hospital in the City of London (1247).
“it was a hospital (place of refuge) from the begining ‘originally intended for the poor suffering from any ailment and for such as might have no other lodging, hence its name, Bethlehem, in Hebrew, the “house of bread.”‘. http://studymore.org.uk/mhhtim.htm#1377
At the same time, almshouses were founded to provide a supportive place for the disabled and elderly infirm to live.

The Medieval Legacy
The people, religious institutions and towns and cities of the medieval period were pioneers in terms of providing a specialised response to disability. Only a small number of their buildings remain, but over the next 500 years their early professional approach would eventually develop into our modern system of public services. See http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/discover/people-and-places/disability-history/1050-1485/.
In the 15th century, black magic and evil forces were felt to be ever-present. Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism, speaking of congenitally impaired children, said:
“Take the changeling child to the river and drown them”.
In 16th century Holland, those who caught leprosy were seen as sinners and had all their worldly goods confiscated by the State so they had to be supported by the alms of those who were not stricken. If these penitent sinners were humble enough, it was believed their reward was heaven after they died.
The time of Leprosy: 11th Century to 14th Century
This section explains how leprosy became endemic in England by the 11th century, and describes medieval attitudes towards the disease and how sufferers were cared for in religious houses and hospitals.

A leper begging for alms from the margins of an English Pontifical
c 1425 MS Lansdowne 451, fo 127r© British Library
The Spread of Leprosy
During the medieval period, leprosy’s disabling consequences became very visible in all communities across England – rural and urban, rich and poor. Its impact would change both the landscape of the country and the mindset of its people.

Chapel of St Mary Magdalen, Stourbridge, near Cambridge
Leprosy had entered England by the 4th century and was a regular feature of life by 1050. Known today as Hansen’s disease, in its extreme form it could cause loss of fingers and toes, gangrene, blindness, collapse of the nose, ulcerations, lesions and weakening of the skeletal frame.
Enduring Purgatory on Earth
Reaction to the disease was complicated. Some people believed it was a punishment for sin, but others saw the suffering of lepers as similar to the suffering of Christ. Because lepers were enduring purgatory on earth, they would go directly to heaven when they died, and were therefore closer to God than other people. Those who cared for them or made charitable donations believed that such good works would reduce their own time in purgatory and accelerate their journey to heaven.

A stained glass depiction of Elias the leprous monk, Trinity Chapel, Canterbury Cathedral
© Annaliza Gaber
Leper Houses and Hospitals
The earliest known example of a leper hospital is thought to be St Mary Magdalen in Winchester, Hampshire where burial excavations found evidence of leprosy. The remains were radiocarbon-dated to between 960 and 1030 AD. At least 320 religious houses and hospitals for the care of lepers (known as leper or ‘lazar’ houses) were established in England between the end of the 11th century and 1350.
The houses were usually built on the edge of towns and cities, or if they were in rural areas, near crossroads or major travel routes. Lepers needed to stay in contact with society to beg alms, trade items, and offer services such as praying for the souls of benefactors. There was high demand for places in leper hospitals, and ‘leprous brothers and sisters’ were often accepted fully into the religious order of the house.
Many of the buildings have decayed or were destroyed during Henry VIII’s dissolution of the monasteries in the 1530s. Some remain however, including the oldest, St Nicholas Harbledown in Canterbury, Kent (1070s); St Mary Magdalene in Stourbridge near Cambridge; St Mary & St Margaret in Sprowston, Norwich, Norfolk and the hospital of St Mary the Virgin in Ilford, Greater London. Others survive as ruins or archaeological sites.

The courtyard and 14th century almshouses at St.Cross Hospital, Winchester. The porch on the right leads to the kitchen and Bretherens Hall.© English Heritage
Physical and Spiritual Care
Care in religious leper houses centred as much on a person’s spiritual needs as on their physical problems. Most hospitals consisted of a group of cottages built around a detached chapel where praying and singing continued throughout the day.
Excavations at St Mary Magdalen in Winchester suggest that its chapel had a master’s hall attached at right angles, with cells for the inmates built around the inside of the enclosure wall. The existing chapel at Harbledown in Kent has a sloping floor, perhaps so the floor could be washed after the lepers had attended mass.
Life and Work in the Leper Hospital
The emphasis was on cleanliness and wholesome food – clothes were washed twice a week and a varied diet was supplied if possible, often from the house’s own fields and livestock. The therapeutic effect of horticultural work and the beauty of nature were recognised – many houses had their own fragrant gardens of flowers and healing herbs, and residents took part in their upkeep.
Many lepers stayed in touch with their family and friends and were allowed to make visits home and receive visitors.
Leprosy in Retreat
Attitudes began to change in the 14th century, particularly after the horrors of the Black Death (1347-1350). Fear of contagion led to greater restriction and isolation, while abusive and corrupt practices increased.
But leprosy was in retreat – possibly due to greater immunity in the population – and many houses fell into disuse or were put to new uses. St Mary Magdalen in Ripon and the hospital of St Margaret and St Sepulchre in Gloucester both became almshouses for the sick and disabled poor. The impact of leprosy lived on – it had brought about an institutional response to disability in the form of buildings and methods of care which would strongly influence future generations.

A Disability History Timeline The struggle for equal rights through the ages

by richard

B5 Disability Time Line – NHS North West

B4 In depth biographies of disabled people who have made a difference: Activities KS4/5

by richard

B4 In depth biographies of disabled people who have made a difference: Activities KS4/5

1.Check out ‘Our Statures Touch the Skies’- Tom Shakespeare’s blog http://disabledlives.blogspot.co.uk/
‘Disability is part of the human condition. At any one time, perhaps 15% of the population have a disability: add illness and ageing and impairment comes to us all. In this blog, I want to share short biographies of famous and not-so-famous disabled people, and by doing so demonstrate the variety and the achievement of disabled lives. I hope it will be interesting and instructive, and welcome suggestions for future subjects’.
“A fabulous, inspirational blog” (The Guardian)

i. Identify an historical figure of relevance to a period you are studying or you are interested in.
ii. Write a short account of their life achievements and their impairment.
iii. Put forward some of the barriers they would have faced.
iv. Discuss how they would have overcome or got round these barriers to be successful.
v. Say how your views of disabled people have changed as result of this work.

Select biographies from http://disabledlives.blogspot.co.uk/
Isaac Newton (1643 – 1727), British Physicist
Florence Nightingale (1820-1910) Social Reformer, Nurse
Ernesto “Che” Guevara (1928-1967) Latin American Revolutionary
Paul Klee (1879-1940), Swiss Artist
John Milton(1608-1674), English Poet and Republican
Frida Kahlo (1907-1954), Mexican Artist
Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) American writer, poet
Ian Dury (1942-2000), British Rock Musician
Ed Roberts (1939-1995), American campaigner Independent Living
Harriet Martineau (1802-1876), Feminist and social campaigner
Django Reinhardt (1910-1953), French Gypsy, Jazz Musician
Bryan Pearce (1929-2007), English Artist
Franklin D.Roosevelt (1882-1945), American President
Harriet Tubman (1820-1913), USA, Anti Slavery and Civil Rights Campaigner
Winston Churchill (1874-1965), British Prime Minister and War Leader
Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986), Argentinian Writer
Helene Schjerfbeck (1862-1946), Finish Painter
Nicholas Owen (c.1550-1606) English Catholic Sainted Carpenter
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) German Classic Composer
Janet Frame (1924-2004) New Zealand Writer
Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793), French Revolutionary
Samuel Johnson (1709-1784), English Writer and Teacher
Eric Sykes (1923-2012), British Comedian
Rosa Luxemburg (1871-1918), Polish political writer, Revolutionary
Sylvia Plath (1932-1963), American Poet
Mabel Cooper (1944-2013) campaigner for independent living
Jacqueline du Pré (1945 – 1987) English Classical Musician
Arthur Bispo do Rosário (1911-1989), Brazilian Artist
Ian Curtis (1956 – 1980), British Rock Musician-Joy Division
Flannery O’Connor (1925-1964), American Writer
George Couthon (1755-1794)French Revolutionary http://disabledlives.blogspot.co.uk/2011/12/it-was-as-footnote-in-book-by-michel.html
Edward Lear,(1812-1888)Victorian Writer http://disabledlives.blogspot.co.uk/2011/11/edward-lear-1812-1888.html
Seneb, Egypt (c2520 BCE)
Helen Keller (1880-1968) USA, Political Activist

Virginia Woolf , (1882-1941) English Novelist
Al-Ma’arri (973-1057), Arab Poet
Horatio Nelson(1758-1805) British Admiral
Georg Christoph Lichtenberg (1742-1799)Philosopher http://disabledlives.blogspot.co.uk/2011/08/georg-christoph-lichtenberg-1742-1799.html

B3 Activities KS2 KS3 KS4 Disabled People who have made a difference

by richard

B3 Activities KS2 KS3 KS4 Disabled People who have made a difference
As United Nations Enable points out, “deep and persistent negative stereotypes and prejudices against persons with certain conditions and differences” exist throughout the world. Yet the present day and recorded history is full of disabled people who have impacted the world. Here are some web based resources and activities.
1.Download http://www.worldofinclusion.com/res/qca/Disabled_People_who_have_made_a_difference.pdf

2.This consists of 27 disabled people who have made a difference. The class in groups try and match photo to caption with the disabled person’s name, achievement and type of impairment.

3.Do a web search and see how many more important disabled people have contributed to history.

4.Make a time line round the classroom of the last 2500 years and make drawings or download pictures of disabled people who have influenced world history and place them in the correct position. Write a paragraph to describe what they achieved.
Here are some websites that may help you. They break disabled people down by their impairments. Some attribute impairment characteristics to people who were never diagnosed when alive. This may be that the condition was not well recognised at the time. Therefore these designations should be treated with some suspicion.

Autism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTA5ov3YjbM 2.08 made by 16 year old with Autism
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=axdTT0S3VGI 2.30 Autism Awareness
All types of Impairment
Gives lists of famous people with many different impairments
People with Autism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_with_autism_spectrum_disorders
Retrospective Autism http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Retrospective_diagnoses_of_autism
People with Bi-Polar disorder http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_with_bipolar_disorder
Blind People http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_blind_people
People with Brittle Bones http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:People_with_osteogenesis_imperfecta
Deaf People http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_deaf_people
People with Depression http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_with_major_depressive_disorder
People with Down’s syndrome
People with Dyslexia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_diagnosed_with_dyslexia
People with Epilepsy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_with_epilepsy
People with Learning Difficulty http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:People_with_intellectual_impairment
Mute people http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Mute_people
People with Paraplegia, Quadriplegia, spinal cord injury http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_with_paraplegia
Politicians with Physical Impairments http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_physically_disabled_politicians
People with Schizophrenia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_people_with_schizophrenia
People with a Stutter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_stutterers ‎
People with Tourette’s http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:People_with_Tourette_syndrome

For famous people with a wide ranging lists of impairments USA focused

B2 Activities KS3 and KS4 using NHS Disability history timeline

by richard

B2 Activities KS3 and KS4 using NHS Disability history timeline
[Go to B6 PDF ‘A Disability History Timeline The struggle for equal rights through the ages’
Produced by Equality, Inclusion and Human Rights NHS North West March 2013]
1. Read the pages on cultural representation and stereotypes of disabled people and answer questions below.

a) Pick three negative thoughts and three positive thoughts about disabled people. Each one should come from a different time and place

b) For each one, identify when and where it occurred. Say what the idea was, then say what you think was wrong with this stereotype or way of thinking.

2. Read the section Law and Legislation.
a) When was the first Act to give some financial protection to disabled people? Where did the money come from?
b) Which law allowed the King to take the property of those declared with mental illness or impairment?
When was it passed?
What was it called?
c) What happened in 1834 and what was its impact on disabled people?
d) What happened in 1845 and 1890 which impacted on the lives of people with mental illness?
How did these laws change how people with mental health problems were treated?
e) What happened in 1897, 1908 and 1911 which improved the position of old and disabled people?
f) What occurred in 1944, 1970 and 1995 that improved the lives of disabled people? Describe how these changes helped disabled people develop more independent lives
3. Read Section 3(p17-23). Achievements of Disability Rights Campaigners
a) Which Prime Minister’s son campaigned to improve the treatment of people with mental health issues (mad people)? What did he do?
b) Often non-disabled people have campaigned for improvements in the lives of disabled people> What happened in 1919 and why migh some disabled people be critical of these changes?
c) Self-activity and organisation by disabled people themselves becomes increasingly important. Which groups organised in the following years and what did they achieve?
i)1890 ii) 1929 iii) 1965 iv) 1981 v) 1986 vi) 1992 vii) 1996 viii) 2011
d) Jack Ashley was a deaf MP who campaigned in parliament for a better deal for disabled people. How did he do this?

B1 Activities KS2 Disability Time line exercise Speaking for Ourselves

by richard

B1 Activities KS2 Disability Time line exercise Speaking for Ourselves
Download Scope Timeline Speaking For Ourselves Timeline Last 100 Years

Also available with other resources www.speakingforourselves.org.uk
Read and discuss the timeline. Note that this was produced by Scope, a charity that supports and campaigns for rights for people with cerebral palsy and all disabled people.

1. The time line covers the last hundred years. What is the first date and last date?
2. What impact did the Mental Deficiency Act in 1913 have on some children?
3. How many men were left with permanent impairments across Europe in the First World War?
4. What did many disabled war veterans have to do in the 1920s and 1930s?
5. From 1933 in Nazi Germany many disabled people were treated very badly. What happened to them?
6. In 1944 the UK Government introduced law to give work to disabled people.
a)What did this law do?
b) How was this different to what happened after the First World War?
c) Can you find out how injured soldiers are being treated today and how is this different?
7. a)What happened to disabled children after the 1944 Act?
b)How was this changed in 1981?
c)How was this improved in 2001?

8. Why did things improve for disabled people in the early 1970s?
9. a)What happened between 1982 and 1995?
b)Why do you think this took so long to achieve in 1995?

10. Look at the pictures on the timeline.
a)How do you think the older pictures (mainly black and white) are different to the newer (mainly colour) ones?
b) What do these tell you about changing attitudes?
c) In groups, design and make a poster for disabled people’s rights and equal treatment.